With terraced lawns, cascading fountains,
paint-box-bright flowerbeds with the panorama of the Dal in
front of them - the Mughal Gardens are the Mughal Emperors'
concept of paradise and are today very popular places for
picnics and excursions.
Famous Mughal Gardens of Kashmir
Situated on the banks of the Dal
Lake, with the Zabarwan Mountains as its
backdrop, (11 km. from Tourists Reception
Centre), this 'garden of bliss' commands a
magnificent view of the lake and the snow capped
Pir Panjal mountain range which stands far away
to the west of the valley. Nishat was designed
in 1633 AD by Asaf Khan, brother of Nur Jehan. A
view of Chashma Shahi Garden in Srinagar,
Built by Emperor Jehangir for his wife Nur Jehan,
Shalimar, 15 kms from the Tourists Reception
Centre, is a beautiful garden with sweeping
vistas over gardens and lakes, and shallow
terraces. The garden is 539 m by 182 m and has
four terraces, rising one above the other. A
canal lined with polished stones and supplied
with water from Harwan runs through the middle
of the garden. The fourth terrace, by far the
best, was once reserved for royal ladies.
Chashma Shahi has tastefully laid garden in
terraces, which commands a magnificent view of
the Dal Lake below and surrounding mountain
ranges. The cool water of the spring is highly
refreshing and digestive. The original garden
was laid out by Shah Jehan in 1632 AD.
Once the royal observatory, Pari Mahal has a
charmingly laid out garden and is a five-minute
drive from Cheshmashahi. A Buddhist monastery at
one time, it was converted into a school of
astrology by Dara Shikoh, Mughal Emperor Shah
Jehan's eldest son. Situated on the spur of a
mountain overlooking the Dal, the ancient
monument, with a well-laid spacious garden in
front, is connected to Cheshmashahi by road. It
is illuminated at night.
On the hillside, south of the village of Harwan
(19 kms from the Tourists Reception Center),
remarkable remains of ancient ornamented tile
pavements of the Buddhist period have come to
light. The tiles depict the dresses of the
people, such as loose trousers, Turkoman caps or
close fitting turbans and large ear-rings which
reveal Central Asian influence.